Category Archives: Microbes

Bacterial Conjugation – A Primitive form of Sexual Reproduction.

Several Bacteria (like Escherichia Coli) exhibit a form of sexual reproduction called Bacterial Conjugation. It is the transfer of genetic material between bacterial cells by direct cell-to-cell contact or by a bridge-like connection between two cells. It was discovered by Nobel Prize winners, Joshua Lederberg and Edward L. Tatum in 1946.

Continue reading Bacterial Conjugation – A Primitive form of Sexual Reproduction.

Sexual Reproduction – An Important Innovation of the Early Protists.​

The Kingdom Protista includes diverse kinds of predominantly water-dwelling unicellular eukaryotic microorganism. Protists, like Monerans, have an immense reproductive potential. In an optimal environment, they may reproduce several times a day. This is mainly by asexual reproduction, using the process of mitosis. However, they also reproduce sexually. Continue reading Sexual Reproduction – An Important Innovation of the Early Protists.​

​Why are some fungi grouped under “fungi imperfecti”?

There are over 100,000 species of fungi. Some of them are one-celled like the yeasts; others are complex like mushrooms and some of them are called imperfect fungi. Fungi are the major decomposers (besides bacteria) and some parasitic forms of fungi may also cause diseases in plants and animals. Continue reading ​Why are some fungi grouped under “fungi imperfecti”?

Why Blue Green Algae are not included in Plantae Kingdom?

Blue Green Algae also called as Cyanobacteria are one of the most successful organisms on this planet. They are gram-negative (do not take up gram stain) and photosynthetic microorganism. They have successfully survived for over 3 billion years on our planet earth. Initially, they were classified Plantae due to their ability to photosynthesis, but later they were moved to the Monera Kingdom. Continue reading Why Blue Green Algae are not included in Plantae Kingdom?

Euglena – A Protist with Flexible Lifestyle

Euglena is a large Genus of unicellular Protists, which belongs to phylum, Euglenaceae. Thousands of species of Euglena are present in ponds, lakes, streams and also in the waterlogged area such as marshes. Continue reading Euglena – A Protist with Flexible Lifestyle

11 Industrial Products that are derived from Microbes.

In Industrial Microbiology, microbes are used to synthesise a number of products valuable to human beings. This Industry has provided products that have profoundly changed our lives and life spans. These products include beverages, food additives, products for human and animal health, and biofuels. Continue reading 11 Industrial Products that are derived from Microbes.

What are the different Causes of Antibiotic Resistance?

Antibiotic Resistance is a term that appears to be like some super terms used in some science fiction movies. But this term is something of which we should be afraid of because antibiotic resistance and spread of drug-resistant pathogens are one of the most serious and dangerous threats to public health in this 21st century. Continue reading What are the different Causes of Antibiotic Resistance?

How can we fight against Antibiotic Resistance?

Several strategies can be used to prevent the emergence of Antibiotic Resistance.

  1. We can use antibiotics in reasonably high concentrations to destroy susceptible bacteria and most spontaneous mutants, which may arise during the treatment period. Continue reading How can we fight against Antibiotic Resistance?