Metamorphosis of the tadpole larva into an adult frog is one of the most striking transformations in all of biology. It transforms a fish-like water breathing, herbivorous tadpole into a tetrapod, amphibious, air-breathing, carnivorous frog.
Enzymes are complex biological molecules which catalyze or greatly speeds up the rate at which a chemical reaction will occur. The key concept behind the speeding up of a chemical reaction by an enzyme is that it reduces the activation energy required for a reaction. In doing so, it speeds up the reaction.
Nature has created many beautiful masterpieces, but a butterfly is the most beautiful and colorful masterpiece. The vivid colors of butterfly wings are so life like that sometimes people call them “flying flowers”. Do you know, butterflies live everywhere in the world, except Antarctica. Here we have some other amazing facts about butterflies that may surprise you.
DNA is the genetic material in all except certain viruses. In Prokaryotic cells, DNA occurs in the cytoplasm and is the only component of the chromosomes. Whereas, in Eukaryotic cells, DNA is largely confined to the nucleus. Do you know, A human DNA contains 3 billion chemical letters. Yes, it is true. There are several other amazing and fun facts about DNA that we don’t know.
In recent times, the people of India have been heard talking about gene sequencing, gene editing, gene analysis and many other similar terms. Gene or genome sequencing is a process or method of figuring out the order of DNA nucleotides or bases in a human genome. It comes under the umbrella of personal genomics.
Cell Specification is a process of distributing roles among different cells of an embryo. This process starts when cells are capable of differentiating autonomously in a neutral environment. Among, three basic modes of cell specification, most of the organisms prefer an amalgam of the two or three modes.