Every day we see small grasses, shrubs, herbs, plants and trees around us, all this vegetation is growing in soils. We play in the ground covered with soil. The beautiful parks built in your neighborhood are built on the soil. Thus, the soil is an important part of our surrounding environment. It is an important resource that decides the diversity of life in an area. But what is Soil? can you describe it? and have you wonder how it is formed? and what are various processes involved in soil formation? Continue reading What is Soil? How is it formed?
With the use of high–yielding varieties of crops, the use of fertilizers and pesticides has increased a lot. Excess fertilizers may mix with surface water and may get drained into water bodies (surface runoff). These fertilizers overstimulate the growth of algae, causing eutrophication, and robbing the water of dissolved oxygen vital to other aquatic life. During the past century, lakes in many parts of the earth have been severely eutrophied by sewage and agricultural and industrial wastes. Continue reading What is Eutrophication? What are its Causes & Effects?
Biosphere Reserves (BRs) are specified areas of natural and cultural landscapes that include minimally disturbed, man-modified and degraded ecosystems. These are meant for preserving genetic diversity in various natural biomes.