We can easily distinguish a living animal from a living plant in our surroundings. So, to keep it as simple as it was, Carolus Linnaeus classified all the organisms of the world into two Kingdoms i.e. Plantae and Animalia. But the grouping of such diverse organisms into only two kingdoms was not satisfactory to many biologists of that time.
In recent times, the people of India have been heard talking about gene sequencing, gene editing, gene analysis and many other similar terms. Gene or genome sequencing is a process or method of figuring out the order of DNA nucleotides or bases in a human genome. It comes under the umbrella of personal genomics.
In Industrial microbiology, microbes are used to synthesise a number of products valuable to human beings. This industry has provided products that have profoundly changed our lives and life spans. These products include beverages, food additives, products for human and animal health, and biofuels.
A sudden increase in the organic and inorganic nutrient supply in an aquatic environment is termed as Eutrophication. Sewage and waste water from industries and agriculture serve as primary source of these nutrients. Eutrophication results in the death of fishes, and other marine animals.
Cell Specification is a process of distributing roles among different cells of an embryo. This process starts when cells are capable of differentiating autonomously in a neutral environment. Among, three basic modes of cell specification, most of the organisms prefer an amalgam of the two or three modes.