The DNA strands are so thin that you could fit 90,000 of them inside a human hair. It is only 2 nanometers wide i.e. 2 billionths of a meter.
11 Amazing Facts about DNA You didn’t Know.
DNA is the genetic material in all except certain viruses. In Prokaryotic cells, DNA occurs in the cytoplasm and is the only component of the chromosomes. Whereas, in Eukaryotic cells, DNA is largely confined to the nucleus. Do you know, A human DNA contains 3 billion chemical letters. Yes, it is true. There are several other amazing and fun facts about DNA that we don't know.
How a 2 meters long DNA is fitted into a 2 micrometers Nucleus?
An average Human cell (diploid) contains about 6.4 billion base pairs of DNA divided among 46 chromosomes. The length of each base pair is about 0.34 nm. Therefore, if the DNA molecule in a diploid cell were laid out end to end, the total length of DNA would be approximately 2 meters.Since the diameter of a typical cell nucleus is only 10 μm, it is obvious for us to know that how is it possible to fit 2 meters of DNA in such small space without getting tangled up. The answer lies in the remarkable manner in which a DNA molecule is packaged.
Why Nature Preferred DNA over RNA?
We all know that DNA acts as a genetic material in most of the organisms on this planet earth. However, it is also clear that RNA also acts a genetic material, but only in some viruses. During the evolution, nature has considered DNA over RNA as genetic material, because DNA is more stable and more efficient than RNA.
Who discovered that DNA is the Genetic Material?
The discovery of DNA as the genetic material was one of the major achievements of science in the 20th century. This discovery made DNA, the chemical basis of heredity. It took almost 80 years for scientists to prove that DNA is the genetic material. Early works: In 1869, Johann Friedrich Miescher, a young Swiss medical student, discovered… Continue reading Who discovered that DNA is the Genetic Material?