There are over 100,000 species of fungi. Some of them are one-celled like the yeasts; others are complex like mushrooms and some of them are called imperfect fungi. Fungi are the major decomposers (besides bacteria) and some parasitic forms of fungi may also cause diseases in plants and animals. Continue reading Why are some fungi grouped under “fungi imperfecti”?
Blue Green Algae also called as Cyanobacteria are one of the most successful organisms on this planet. They are gram-negative (do not take up gram stain) and photosynthetic microorganism. They have successfully survived for over 3 billion years on our planet earth. Initially, they were classified Plantae due to their ability to photosynthesis, but later they were moved to the Monera Kingdom. Continue reading Why Blue Green Algae are not included in Plantae Kingdom?
Long pepper (Piper longum), sometimes called Indian long pepper (pipli), is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae. It is cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning. The dried fruit of Piper longum is a slender, aromatic plant with creeping jointed stems and perennial woody roots. It is used to make medicine. Indian Long pepper has a taste similar to, but hotter than, that of its close relative Piper nigrum. Continue reading Indian Long Pepper: A Potential Cancer treatment Drug.
Euglena is a large Genus of unicellular Protists, which belongs to phylum, Euglenaceae. Thousands of species of Euglena are present in ponds, lakes, streams and also in the waterlogged area such as marshes. Continue reading Euglena – A Protist with Flexible Lifestyle
Hirudo medicinalis (a European medicinal leech) was earlier used in Leech Therapy ( classified as Blood Letting). Leech Therapy was used for the removal of blood from a patient body. The first description of Leech Therapy was found in the text of Sushruta Samhita, written by Sushruta in 800 B.C. who was also considered “the father of plastic surgery”. Diseases, where leech therapy was indicated, were skin diseases, sciatica, and musculoskeletal pains. Continue reading Hirudo medicinalis – An Old Medicine is New.