There are over 100,000 species of fungi. Some of them are one-celled like the yeasts; others are complex like mushrooms and some of them are called imperfect fungi. Fungi are the major decomposers (besides bacteria) and some parasitic forms of fungi may also cause diseases in plants and animals. Continue reading Why are some fungi grouped under “fungi imperfecti”?
Blue Green Algae also called as Cyanobacteria are one of the most successful organisms on this planet. They are gram-negative (do not take up gram stain) and photosynthetic microorganism. They have successfully survived for over 3 billion years on our planet earth. Initially, they were classified Plantae due to their ability to photosynthesis, but later they were moved to the Monera Kingdom. Continue reading Why Blue Green Algae are not included in Plantae Kingdom?
We can easily distinguish a living animal from a living plant in our surroundings. We do not find any difficulty in identifying an animal as long as we see it moving, eating and alive. When it comes to plants, we have an image of a structure having spread out appearance with green parts like leaves in our mind. So, to keep it as simple as it was, Carolus Linnaeus classified all the organisms of the world into two Kingdoms i.e. Plantae and Animalia. Continue reading Why is the Two-Kingdom Classification System Inadequate?
Earlier this year, Hubble Telescope found a Megmaser that was around 100 times brighter than the Maser found in our galaxy i.e. Milky Way galaxy. So, you must be wondering What are Megamasers, How do they look like and Why NASA is so excited about them. Here, we have everything about Megamaser that you should know. Continue reading What are Megamasers? Why everyone is so excited about them?
Southern Blotting is an elegant technique that can be used to identify the locations of genes and other DNA sequences on restriction fragments separated by gel electrophoresis. This technique is named after the Edwin Southern (1975) who developed it. Continue reading What is Southern Blotting? How it is used to identify Specific DNA Sequences?
Antibiotic Resistance is a term that appears to be like some super terms used in some science fiction movies. But this term is something of which we should be afraid of because antibiotic resistance and spread of drug-resistant pathogens are one of the most serious and dangerous threats to public health in this 21st century. Continue reading What are the different Causes of Antibiotic Resistance?
With the use of high–yielding varieties of crops, the use of fertilizers and pesticides has increased a lot. Excess fertilizers may mix with surface water and may get drained into water bodies (surface runoff). These fertilizers overstimulate the growth of algae, causing eutrophication, and robbing the water of dissolved oxygen vital to other aquatic life. During the past century, lakes in many parts of the earth have been severely eutrophied by sewage and agricultural and industrial wastes. Continue reading What is Eutrophication? What are its Causes & Effects?
The cells of an embryo get their roles when they are capable of differentiating autonomously in a neutral environment such as petri dish or test tube. (the environment is neutral with respect to the development pathway.) This process of giving different roles to embryonic cells is called Cell Specification. Continue reading How do cells in Embryo get their Roles to Play?